Selection and randomization of pictures within a trial


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gracethenoob
gracethenoob
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I am having trouble selecting at random and presenting at random within trials.

For each trial, there is a target image presented at a specific point within a stream of filler images. Example:
1 = filler23
2 = filler17
3 = filler2
4 = target1
5 = filler6
6 = filler19
7 =  filler5
8 = filler4
9 = filler20
10 = filler15
11 = filler8

The constraints are:
(1) The 10 filler images are randomly drawn from a pool of 24 images, cannot repeat within a trial, must be presented in a random order, and must be selected anew each trial.
(2) There are 5 target images and a different one (using random selection) must be presented every trial.

I think the second constraint is straightforward because it works like a regular trial but I cannot figure out how to tackle the first constraint. I have looked at other code in the Inquisit library such as the Simple Attentional Blink code and it seems to have a solution when using single letters but I cannot seem to translate that strategy to pictures. Any tips?

Dave
Dave
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What works for <text> elements works for <picture> elements as well. Set up ten filler <picture> elements -- <picture filler01> to <picture filler10> -- and have them select from the same item pool via a <list>; reset that list at the start of each <trial>. Set up a single <picture target> element.

<trial mytrial>
/ ontrialbegin = [list.filleritems.reset(); ]
/ stimulustimes = [0=filler01; 500=filler02; 1000=target; 1500=filler04; 2000=filler05; ...]
...
</trial>

<picture target>
/ items = ("t1.jpg", "t2.jpg", "t3.jpg", "t4.jpg", "t5.jpg")
</picture>

<list filleritems>
/ poolsize = 24
/ selectionrate = always
</list>

<picture filler01>
/ items = fillerimages
/ select = list.filleritems.nextindex
</picture>

<picture filler02>
/ items = fillerimages
/ select = list.filleritems.nextindex
</picture>

<picture filler03>
/ items = fillerimages
/ select = list.filleritems.nextindex
</picture>

<picture filler04>
/ items = fillerimages
/ select = list.filleritems.nextindex
</picture>

<picture filler05>
/ items = fillerimages
/ select = list.filleritems.nextindex
</picture>

...

<item fillerimages>
/ 1 = "f1.jpg"
/ 2 = "f2.jpg"
/ 3 = "f3.jpg"
...
/ 24 = "f24.jpg"
</item>


gracethenoob
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Thank you for this assistance! It was very helpful :-)

chenxyu
chenxyu
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Hi Dave,
if I have a total of 1000 pictures and want to randomly select 5 from that pool and present them simultaneously for any given trial, does that mean I have to create a <picture> element for each of the 1000 pictures?

Thanks for your help!
Dave
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chenxyu - 11/9/2022
Hi Dave,
if I have a total of 1000 pictures and want to randomly select 5 from that pool and present them simultaneously for any given trial, does that mean I have to create a <picture> element for each of the 1000 pictures?

Thanks for your help!

No, you need five <picture> elements, since you want to display five images simultaneously.
chenxyu
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Thank you!
A couple of follow-up questions if you don't mind: I attempted to randomly select 5 pictures from a pool of 1000 pictures and another 4 from another pool of 800 pictures with no replacement (so picture will only present once throughout the experiment). This would mean I will need 9 <picture> elements, right?

To do so, I created two lists (List A with 1000 items and List B with 800 items) and within each list, I set /replace = false and /poolsize = 1000 and 800, respectively. Then within those picture elements, I set /selectionrate = experiment. Would this do I what want it to do? I've attached part of the code below if it makes it easier to read.

I also want to randomize the position of these pictures. Can you point me to some resources if this question has been answered elsewhere?

Finally, if I want to repeat this until all stimuli have been exhausted (i.e., a total of 200 trials, each trial has 5 pictures from list A and 4 from list B), what would you recommend?
<item person1-1000>
/1= "person1"
...
/1000="person1000"
</item>

<item name1-800>
/1="name1"
...
/800="name800"
</item>

<list person>
/items=(1,2,....,1000)
/replace=false
/poolsize=1000
</list>

<list name>
/items=(1,2,...,800)
/replace=false
/poolsize=800
<list>

<picture person1>
/items=person
/select=list.person.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture person2>
/items=person
/select=list.person.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture person3>
/items=person
/select=list.person.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture person4>
/items=person
/select=list.person.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture person5>
/items=person
/select=list.person.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture name1>
/items=name
/select=list.name.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture name2>
/items=name
/select=list.name.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture name3>
/items=name
/select=list.name.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture name4>
/items=name
/select=list.name.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>


Dave
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chenxyu - 11/9/2022
Thank you!
A couple of follow-up questions if you don't mind: I attempted to randomly select 5 pictures from a pool of 1000 pictures and another 4 from another pool of 800 pictures with no replacement (so picture will only present once throughout the experiment). This would mean I will need 9 <picture> elements, right?

To do so, I created two lists (List A with 1000 items and List B with 800 items) and within each list, I set /replace = false and /poolsize = 1000 and 800, respectively. Then within those picture elements, I set /selectionrate = experiment. Would this do I what want it to do? I've attached part of the code below if it makes it easier to read.

I also want to randomize the position of these pictures. Can you point me to some resources if this question has been answered elsewhere?

Finally, if I want to repeat this until all stimuli have been exhausted (i.e., a total of 200 trials, each trial has 5 pictures from list A and 4 from list B), what would you recommend?
<item person1-1000>
/1= "person1"
...
/1000="person1000"
</item>

<item name1-800>
/1="name1"
...
/800="name800"
</item>

<list person>
/items=(1,2,....,1000)
/replace=false
/poolsize=1000
</list>

<list name>
/items=(1,2,...,800)
/replace=false
/poolsize=800
<list>

<picture person1>
/items=person
/select=list.person.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture person2>
/items=person
/select=list.person.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture person3>
/items=person
/select=list.person.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture person4>
/items=person
/select=list.person.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture person5>
/items=person
/select=list.person.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture name1>
/items=name
/select=list.name.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture name2>
/items=name
/select=list.name.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture name3>
/items=name
/select=list.name.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>

<picture name4>
/items=name
/select=list.name.nextindex
/selectionrate=experiment
</picture>


<values>
/ p1_itemnumber = 1
/ p2_itemnumber = 1
/ p3_itemnumber = 1
/ p4_itemnumber = 1
/ p5_itemnumber = 1

/ n1_itemnumber = 1
/ n2_itemnumber = 1
/ n3_itemnumber = 1
/ n4_itemnumber = 1
</values>

<block exampleblock>
/ trials = [1-200 = exampletrial]
</block>

<list personitemnumbers>
/ poolsize = 1000
/ selectionrate = always
</list>

<list nameitemnumbers>
/ poolsize = 800
/ selectionrate = always
</list>

<trial exampletrial>
/ ontrialbegin = [
    values.p1_itemnumber = list.personitemnumbers.nextindex;
    values.p2_itemnumber = list.personitemnumbers.nextindex;
    values.p3_itemnumber = list.personitemnumbers.nextindex;
    values.p4_itemnumber = list.personitemnumbers.nextindex;
    values.p5_itemnumber = list.personitemnumbers.nextindex;

    values.n1_itemnumber = list.nameitemnumbers.nextindex;
    values.n2_itemnumber = list.nameitemnumbers.nextindex;
    values.n3_itemnumber = list.nameitemnumbers.nextindex;
    values.n4_itemnumber = list.nameitemnumbers.nextindex;
]
/ stimulusframes = [1=person1, person2, person3, person4, person5, name1, name2, name3, name4]
/ validresponse = (57)
</trial>

<picture person1>
/ items = personitems
/ select = values.p1_itemnumber
...
</picture>

<picture person2>
/ items = personitems
/ select = values.p2_itemnumber
...
</picture>

<picture person3>
/ items = personitems
/ select = values.p3_itemnumber
...
</picture>

<picture person4>
/ items = personitems
/ select = values.p4_itemnumber
...
</picture>

<picture person5>
/ items = personitems
/ select = values.p5_itemnumber
...
</picture>

<picture name1>
/ items = nameitems
/ select = values.n1_itemnumber
...
</picture>

<picture name2>
/ items = nameitems
/ select = values.n2_itemnumber
...
</picture>

<picture name3>
/ items = nameitems
/ select = values.n3_itemnumber
...
</picture>

<picture name4>
/ items = nameitems
/ select = values.n4_itemnumber
...
</picture>

<item personitems>
/ 1 = "person_0001.jpg"
/ 2 = "person_0002.jpg"
/ 3 = "person_0003.jpg"
...
/ 998 = "person_0998.jpg"
/ 999 = "person_0999.jpg"
/ 1000 = "person_1000.jpg"
</item>

<item nameitems>
/ 1 = "name_0001.jpg"
/ 2 = "name_0002.jpg"
/ 3 = "name_0003.jpg"
...
/ 798 = "name_0798.jpg"
/ 799 = "name_0799.jpg"
/ 800 = "name_0800.jpg"
</item>


is the way to set this up properly. /selectionrate = experiment makes no sense, you want new selections every trial, not a single selection in all of the experiment. And the lists need to be set to /selectionrate = always, because you need to sample multiple itemnumbers from each list in each trial (5 and 4 per trial, respectively).

Edited 3 Months Ago by Dave
chenxyu
chenxyu
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Thank you! I think I figured it out!
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